TOP ship in distress in the storm8873890 38
Swimming in storm conditions, despite strict requirements to design and construction of the modern sea vessels possessing the big durability of the case and high seaworthy qualities remains a hard and responsible task. The control of the vessel during a storm demands from crew and first of all from boatmasters of knowledge and the accounting of all types of impact of storm conditions on the vessel. Influence of a gale and excitement can bring to the vessel large damages if it is properly not prepared for a meeting with a storm and if maneuvering during a storm is followed by wrong actions of boatmasters and first of all the captain. Good sea practice demands that irrespective of the navigation area and a weather forecast the vessel before an exit in flight was ready to any changes of weather. Therefore preparation for swimming in storm weather has to begin in port from the moment of receiving a trip task. By drawing up the cargo plan it is provided the general and local durability of the case of the vessel and its seaworthy qualities both at the time of an exit from port, and at an expenditure of stocks during all flight. In case of flight with several points of calling in which cargo operations have to be performed, placement of freight has to provide possibility of fastening of freights for the purpose of safety on transition to the following item of appointment or if necessary (in the unprotected ports) the terminations of cargo operations and an exit to the high sea for the period of a storm. Before an exit from port boatmasters have to examine a long-term weather forecast, and in the absence of the phototelegraphic equipment — a series of weather maps for previous days.